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14 Sep 2014

To date the current outbreak of Ebola Viral Disease (EVD) has reached five countries and those traveling to affected regions are advised to be aware of the symptoms, which include fever, rash, diarrhea, vomiting and red eyes. Alongside these symptoms, internal and external bleeding are also signs of the disease, which spreads from person to person by contact with infected body fluids, such as saliva, semen or blood. Small outbreaks continue to occur in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Ebola has no licensed vaccine or treatment and has fatality rates of up to 90% in infected people -- but the virus requires very close contact with body fluids to be transmitted and is easily avoided with regular hand-washing and protective clothing -- and avoiding contact with bodily fluids. Typhoid Fever Locations: Africa, Asia, the Caribbean and Central and South America. Highest risk in South Asia. This bacterial disease is spread by contaminated food and water and the resulting fever can be life threatening. Symptoms begin as high fevers, weakness, stomach pains, headache, and loss of appetite. Travelers should get vaccinated before travel but as the vaccine only protects 50%-80% of recipients it's wise to be careful about your choice of food and drink. As with travelers' diarrhea, stick to bottled water and avoid unpeeled fruit and vegetables, street food (as delicious as it may look) and ice in drinks.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://edition.cnn.com/2014/09/12/health/going-abroad-10-diseases/index.html?eref=edition


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